Sparidi - Sparidae

Sparidi Sparidae comprende 125 specie pesciappartenenti all’ordine Perciformes

Mormora - Lithognathus Mormoryus

Mormora - Lithognathus Mormoryus

La mormora (Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758)), conosciuta anche come marmora, è un pesce osseo marino appartenente alla famiglia Sparidae. ...
Orata - Sparus Aurata

Orata - Sparus Aurata

L'orata (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758) è un pesce osseo di mare e di acque salmastre, appartenente alla famiglia Sparidae. ...
Saddled seabream - Oblada melanura

Saddled seabream - Oblada melanura

The saddled seabream (Oblada melanura), also called the saddle bream or oblade, is a species of fish of the family Sparidae. It is monotypic in the genus Oblada.  ...
Salema - Sarpa salpa

Salema - Sarpa salpa

Salema, Sarpa Salpa (Linnaeus, 1758), commonly known as a sail, is a marine bony fish belonging to the family Sparidae. It is the only species of the genus Sarpa. ...
Sarago - Diplodus Sargus

Sarago - Diplodus Sargus

Il Sarago (Diplodus) è un genere di pesci ossei marini appartenente alla famiglia Sparidae, comunemente noti come saraghi. ...
Sarago fasciato - Diplodus vulgaris

Sarago fasciato - Diplodus vulgaris

Il Sarago fasciato (Diplodus vulgaris) appartiene alla classe Osteichthyes, sottoclasse Actinopterygii, ordine Peciformes, sottordine Percoidei, famiglia Sparidae. ...
Sarago Maggiore - Diplodus sargus sargus

Sarago Maggiore - Diplodus sargus sargus

Il sarago maggiore, Diplodus sargus o Diplodus sargus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) è un pesce di mare appartenente alla famiglia degli Sparidi. ...
Sarago sparaglione - Diplodus annularis

Sarago sparaglione - Diplodus annularis

Si tratta del Sarago più piccolo presente nei nostri mari e forse non a caso il suo habitat ideale è la prateria di Posidonia oceanica dove questa specie trova rifugio dai predatori e cibo. Con le bombole è stato quasi impossibile avvicinarsi ...
Sargo Picudo - Diplodus puntazzo

Sargo Picudo - Diplodus puntazzo

Sargo Picudo, Diplodus puntazzo, a fish belonging to the genus of Sea Breams (Diplodus) of the Sparidae family. ...
Zebra sea bream - Diplodus cervinus

Zebra sea bream - Diplodus cervinus

Finding Diplodus cervinus, Zebra sea bream, in the lower Ligurian Sea (or upper Tyrrhenian Sea) is a rather rare event and I would say very unusual, almost exceptional. ...
Tanuta - Cantaro - Spondyliosoma cantharus

Tanuta - Cantaro - Spondyliosoma cantharus

La tanuta o cantaro Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758) è un pesce di mare della famiglia Sparidae. ...

The Sparidae family includes 125 species of saltwater fish belonging to the order Perciformes.

Sarago fasciato Diplodus vulgaris intotheblue.it

Distribution and habitat

The bream are widespread in all temperate and tropical waters of the world, including the Mediterranean Sea, where they are extremely common and often make up the bulk of the fish fauna of coastal areas. The area where they are represented by the greatest number of species, however, South Africa. Some sparidae are euryhaline and can be found in brackish or fresh waters. They are more frequent in coastal areas but can be found, even in large numbers in circalittoral.

Mormore Occhiate Saraghi Salpe Apnea a Capo Carbonara Sardegna Intotheblue.it
Mormore Occhiate Saraghi Salpe Apnea a Capo Carbonara Sardegna Intotheblue.it

Description

The form of sparidae is usually fairly uniform: the body is stretched, compressed and the sides high enough. The dorsal fin has the first spiny rays. The tail has the margin straight or bilobed. The teeth are usually very well developed, they can be canine, molariformi or incisiviformi. The livery is basically silver with spots, stripes and dark dots that make up a more fundamental importance to identify species. The sparidae deeper waters often have a red or pink background color.

Reproduction

Many species are hermaphrodites: show that male and female sexual organs, but the gonads of both sexes mature at different times so they mate fecondandosi another with another partner. Other species instead born as male specimens and aging are transformed into females (hermaphroditism proterandrous), while others are transformed into males in the group if they fail.

Sparidi_ Saraghi e Salpe - Diplodus Sargus and Sarpa salpa - intotheblue.it
Sparidi_ Saraghi e Salpe – Diplodus Sargus and Sarpa salpa – intotheblue.it

Supply

Most of the species is carnivorous, feeding on invertebrates, even at very hard shell such as shellfish or bivalve molluscs. Only a few large species catch small fish. Many species add to their diet plant material; in certain sparidae (like sails) plant component constitutes the vast majority of the diet.

Genera

Some of the most common species are: Diplodus sargus sargus (real seabream or greater), Diplodus vulgaris (or Banded seabream Headed), Diplodus puntazzo (Sargo picudo), Diplodus annularis (Esparrallón), Oblada melanura (Saddled seabream or Oblada), Sarpa Salpa (Salema), Sparus Aurata (Gilt Head Bream).

Sparus aurata Orata Snorkeling intotheblue.it
Sparus aurata Orata Snorkeling intotheblue.it

(Wikipedia)

 

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