Spongia Porifera

Spongia agaricina - Spongia lamella - Spugna Orecchia d’elefante - Elephant Ear sponge - intotheblue.it
Spongia agaricina – Spongia lamella – Spugna Orecchia d’elefante – Elephant Ear sponge – intotheblue.it

Spongia Porifera Sponge Spugna Spugne Poriferi intotheblue.it

In this movie we see a particular color Pearl gray spongeresumption at a depth of more than 80 meters.

Sponges, the members of the phylum  Porifera, are the sister of the ParaHoxozoa  or  Epitheliozoa  with which they form a basal animal  clade, the Parazoa. The other basal animal clade are the Ctenophora.

They are multicellular parazoan organisms that have bodies full of pores and channels allowing water to circulate through them, consisting of jelly-like mesohyl  sandwiched between two thin layers of cells. Sponges have unspecialized cells that can transform into other types and that often migrate between the main cell layers and the mesohyl in the process. Sponges do not have nervous, digestive or circolatory system. Instead, most rely on maintaining a constant water flow through their bodies to obtain food and oxygen and to remove wastes.

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