Fanino Cirivasi

School of Sand steenbras or Striped seabream – Branco di Mormore  o Marmore – Lithognathus mormyrus – www.intotheblue.it-2024-07-07-14h15m57s968
18
03:51

Branco di Mormore

The Sand Steenbras (Lithognathus mormyrus) is a beautiful elegant silver-colored fish with six very dark and highlighted vertical bands and an equal number of narrower and less evident bands, the body is long and compressed laterally, the profile is high and rounded. The lips are fleshy and the teeth are arranged in different rows; it can reach a length of 30 cm. and a weight that rarely reaches one kilogram. It has gregarious habits and we find it in small groups in a depth mixed with rock and sand at a depth that hardly exceeds 20 meters.
coastal Mucilage caused by marine warming – Mucillagine costiera causata dal riscaldamento marino – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-31-12h03m06s932
21
02:25

SOS marine warming

With the arrival of summer the coastal mucilage caused by marine warming promptly returns.. Nobody can deny that the warming of our planet Earth is now evident even to those who still harbor doubts and uncertainties. Climate change is present at all levels of our ecosystems: from tropical forests to the oceans.
Blue Crab – Granchio blu o Granchio reale blu o Granchio azzurro – Callinectes sapidus – www.intotheblue.it-2024-06-01-15h33m38s846
23
07:22

Blue Crab invasion

In Italy, public awareness of the detrimental impact of this species on local molluscs is rapidly growing and, especially in the Po delta area and on the Adriatic sea coast, eradication efforts are undergoing, both by local authorities and by local fishermen. From the 2000s until 2023 the species was reported throughout Italy. We met her, Callinectes sapidus, in Rosignano Solvay in the Province of Livorno where we took the photos and video you are seeing.
Medusa mediterranea Rhizostoma pulmo – Polmone di mare – Big mediterranean barrel jellyfish – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-31-15h05m41s482
20
03:39

Big mediterranean Barrel jellyfish

Big mediterranean barrel jellyfish, Rhizostoma pulmo,, commonly known as the barrel jellyfish, the dustbin-lid jellyfish or the frilly-mouthed jellyfish, is a scyphomedusa in the family Rizostomatidae. It is found in the northeast Atlantic, and in the Mediterranean sea, Black Sea and Sea of Azov. It is also known from the southern Atlantic off the western South African coast and into False Bay
Basket star in appointment to reproduce – Stelle Gorgone in procreazione – Astrospartus mediterraneus – www.intotheblue.it-2024-05-22-14h14m12s619
19
08:11

Basket star in appointment to reproduce

In many years of scuba diving I have never encountered so many Basket star all at once. Surely there are precise reasons to justify this concentration. The reasons can be various, the most logical ones lead me to think that it is an appointment to reproduce and that in these rocks there are optimal conditions, of currents and plankton, for their life and feeding. This beautiful video, made in a single dive between Livorno and the island of Gorgona, is the demonstration of what has been stated.
young Yellowmouth Barracuda – giovane Barracuda mediterraneo – Sphyraena viridensis – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-31-11h04m07s970
12
02:15

young Yellowmouth Barracuda

The young yellowmouth barracuda, Sphyraena viridensis, or yellow barracuda is a predatory ray finned fish from the family Sphyraenidae, the barracudas, which is found in the warmer waters of the western Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is often confused with the European barracuda Sphyraena sphyraena.
ready for scuba diving – pronti per l’immersione subacquea – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-06-14h29m43s240
10
28:41

High risk scuba diving

Deep scuba diving using compressed air is definitely to be considered a high-risk dive. All international diving organizations recommend limiting diving with compressed air to -40 meters of depth to avoid incurring what is called nitrogen narcosis. Compressed air is denser as the depth increases, and consequently greater breathing effort is required which could lead to breathlessness and greater air consumption.
Picarel fish – Spicara smaris – Zerro – www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-29-17h01m03s829
11
04:12

Picarel fish Spicara smaris

Picarel fish, Spicara smaris, is native to the subtropical eastern Atlantic Ocean including the coasts of Portugal, the Canary Islands and Morocco, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. It is usually found in seagrass meadows and over sandy and muddy seabeds. Its depth range is generally 15 to 170 m. but it has been recorded at depths of 328 m. in the eastern Ionian Sea.
Noah’s Ark seashell – Arca di Noè o Mussolo – Arca noae – www.intotheblue.it-2024-04-30-11h44m11s932
14
09:25

Noah's Ark seashell

Noah's Ark seashell, Arca noae, is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Arcidae. It is found in the Mediterranean Sea from low tide mark to a depth of 100 metres. The seashell of Arca noae grows to about 10 cm in length. but the ones we found did not exceed 3, 4 centimeters. Quite difficult to identify on the seabed because the shells are always covered not only by sponges but also by algae or other encrusting organisms. We noticed their presence because they were found open without the presence of the mollusc which was certainly prey to either an Octopus or fish such as Sea bream and Bream.
Filograna implexa – Salmacina incrustans – www.intotheblue.it-2023-02-11-14h52m38s545
12
04:17

Marine worm Filograna implexa

Filograna implexa (Salmacina incrustans) is a marine species of tubular worm belonging to the class of sedentary Polychaeta of the Serpulidae family. This species is found in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, the English Channel, the North Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and off the coast of Monzambique, and from South Africa to New Zealand.
Red tuft Protula – Protula dal ciuffo rosso – Protula tubularia – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-19-11h46m36s789
13
01:54

The red-tuft Protula

The red-tuft Protula lives throughout the Mediterranean Sea in small tubes at depths that can vary from 10 meters to over 100 meters. It is a very common annelid throughout the Mediterranean and therefore we can easily find it among the Posidonia oceanica meadows, on the various detrital bottoms and in coral reefs. The red color characterizes this worm from the other species of the same family.
Great Cormorant – Cormorano comune – Phalacrocorax Carbo – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-17h43m12s609
13
03:46

Great Cormorant

The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Carbo, (Linnaeus, 1758) is a species of bird in the shag family. It is a large bird with black body and a hook beak. There is however a large variation in size in the wide range of species. Cormorants of various weights have been reported, but the average weight is around 2.6 to 3.7 kg. The length can range from 70 to 102 cm and the wingspan from 120 to 160 cm.
diving point – punto d’immersione – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-02-14h48m55s113
20
31:18

Diving near Gorgona island

We planned this scuba dive in the area between Livorno and Gorgona Island. We are over 12 nautical miles from Livorno and about 6 miles from Gorgona. In this area the seabed rises from over 100 meters deep to 48 metres. It is an area that we know well in the part between 48 and 54 meters deep, but the sea always reserves unexpected surprises: in fact from the echo sounder we saw that there are reef at depths of 60, 70 meters and more.
School of grey Mullet grazing – Branco di Muggini al pascolo – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-12-15h12m18s583
11
03:10

School of grey Mullet grazing

Flathead grey mullets it is a fish able to withstand wide variations in salinity, in fact we find it regularly in marine waters, fresh or brackish waters. Extremely adaptable to all environments; we often find it at the mouths of rivers, in lagoon areas where sea water mixes with fresh water from the hinterland and inside bays and harbors. Usually shy and suspicious, because often the object of predatory fish hunting, in this case he let himself be approached by the diver's camera who took the opportunity to make a close encounter.
Garfish – Aguglia – Belone belone – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-15h29m06s170
14
02:15

Aguglia

The Garfish (Belone belone) has a very elongated and compressed body, the dorsal zone is dark blue and fades in the blue on the flanks which are silvery; The belly is yellowish in color. Its length can exceed 80 cm and 1 Kg of weight. The jaws are thin and prominent enough to resemble a beak. The Garfish is a pelagic fish that lives on the high seas, only during the summer it approaches the coast to spawn.
Umbraculum mediterraneum – Umbraculum umbraculum – Umbracolo – Umbrella slug – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-03-15h30m58s708
16
06:28

Umbraculum mediterraneum or Umbrella slug

I saw this beautiful specimen of Umbaculum mediterraneum during a dive in a Mediterranean coral reef at a depth of over 70 meters. In many years of diving I had never come across this nudibranch. It is an adult specimen of rather large dimensions, in fact it is well over 20 cm in length. This leads me to think that, together with Aplysia depilans, it is among the largest nudibranchs present in the Mediterranean Sea.
Mediterranean jellyfish – Cassiopea mediterranea – Cotylorhiza tuberculata – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-17h07m01s733
11
01:49

Mediterranean jellyfish

Mediterranean jellyfish, Cotylorhiza tuberculata, is a species of jellyfish, of the phylum Cnidaria, also known as the Mediterranean jelly. It is commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and Adriatic Sea. It can reach 40 cm in diameter. It seems that this jellyfish's sting has very little or no effect on humans.
Cuckoo Wrasse male – Tordo fischietto maschio – Labrus mixtus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-25-15h50m04s181
14
03:53

Cuckoo Wrasse male

The Cuckoo Wrasse (Labrus mixtus) is a protogynous hermaphrodite, and females can change sex into males, a process which takes around seven months. In this short and interesting video you can observe the phase in which a female has just begun the transformation to become a male: in fact the electric blue color and the darker bands are starting to become evident, but have not yet covered the body as in the phase of complete transformation. The cuckoo wrasse is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Senegal, including the Azores and Madeira. It is also found in the Mediterranean Sea.
Female Cuckoo Wrasse Tordo Fischietto femmina Labrus mixtus www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-24-15h36m46s814
15
02:58

Female Cuckoo Wrasse

Female Cuckoo Wrasse (Labrus mixtus) is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Senegal, including the Azores and Madeira. It is also found in the Mediterranean Sea. They can be found amongst the algae on rocky shores at depths from 2 to 200 m, though mostly between 40 and 80 m. This species is an important food fish for local populations and is also popular as a game fish. It is also a popular fish for display in public aquaria.
Basket Star
14
08:55

Basket Star

The Basket Star is characterized by five tentacles, each branched several times, with which it clings to the branches of the soft corals and which are opened at night to feed on. The body has a diameter that can reach 8 centimeters, with the complete opening of the tentacles the maximum width of the entire animal can reach 80 centimeters. It feeds passively with the open tentacles, in particular of planktonic microparticles.
Brown meagre or Corb – Corvina – Corvina nigra – Scianea umbra – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-10-15h08m21s863
9
01:57

Brown Meagre or Corb

Brown meagre or corb (Sciaena umbra) is a species of croaker found in, the eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea occurring in shallow waters and sandy bottoms. It is harvested for human consumption, especially in the Mediterranean. The brown meagre is found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean from the southern English Channel south to Senegal and Cape Verde, including the Canary Islands records from West Africa south of Senegal are questionable. Also in the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and Sea of Azov.
Common Octopus – Polpo – Octopus vulgaris – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-18-10h16m30s180
16
01:25

Common Octopus

The common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) is a mollusc belonging to the class Cephalopoda. Octopus vulgaris is the most studied of all octopus species. It is considered cosmopolitan, that is, a global species, which ranges from the eastern Atlantic, extends from the Mediterranean and the southern coast of England, to at least Senegal in Africa. It also occurs off the Azores, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. The species is also common in the Western Atlantic.
Grouper of  Mediterranean Sea – Cernia Bruna – Epinephelus marginatus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-08-16h20m45s407
10
02:57

Grouper of Mediterranean Sea

This video shows a typical reef of Mediterranean reef particularly exploited by sport fishermen. As you can see there are many nylon fishing lines that have remained entangled in the rocks like this however create pollution from plastic materials. The Grouper of Mediterranean Sea is inside his den but, unfortunately the fish has two fishing hooks stuck in his upper lip, frightened by the presence of the diver and his video equipment, he immediately gives himself up to escape leaving us with a palm of the nose...
Sand steenbras or Striped seabream – Mormora o Marmora – Lithognathus mormyrus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-19-15h00m56s938
19
05:36

Sand steenbras

The Sand Steenbras (Lithognathus Mormoryus) belongs to the class Osteichthyes, subclass Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, suborder Percoidei, family Sparidae. It is a beautiful elegant silver-colored fish with six very dark and highlighted vertical bands and an equal number of narrower and less evident bands, the body is long and compressed laterally, the profile is high and rounded. The lips are fleshy and the teeth are arranged in different rows; it can reach a length of 30 cm.
Bogues that devour a Barrel jellyfish – Boghe che divorano un Polmone di mare – www.intotheblue.it -2023-11-06-12h37m33s049
16
06:47

Bogues that devour a Barrel jellyfish

Boops boops commonly called the bogue, is a species of seabream native to the eastern Atlantic. Its common name in most languages refers to its large ("bug") eyes. The species is found off the coasts of Europe, Africa, the Azores and the Canary Islands, from Norway to Angola, and in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. It avoids brackish waters such as the Baltic Sea. A demeral and semi-pelagic, it can generally be found at a depth of 100 m, and infrequently down to 350 m.
Cigar jellyfish – Medusa Olindia – Olindias phosphorica – www.intotheblue.it-2023-02-18-16h31m46s238
14
05:13

Cigar jellyfish Olindias phosphorica

Olindias phosphorica, or Cigar jellyfish, is a species of hydrozoan from the central and eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean sea is a predominantly warm body of water, thus Olindias phosphorica is a warm-water Jellyfish. Global warming has facilitated the proliferation of the species throughout the Mediterranean sea.
Piero Foscari ship wreck Relitto nave Piero Foscari www.intotheblue.it-2023-10-10-11h57m19s238
12
12:42

Piero Foscari ship wreck

September 10, 2023 marked the eightieth year since the sinking of the Piero Foscari ship on September 10, 1943 in Castiglioncello near Livorno (Italy). In this video I show you what remains of the wreck completely destroyed during the last war. Furthermore, after 80 years the sea has caused further deterioration of the structure. The wreck is located at a depth of between 15 and 16 metres.
Ballerina spagnola del Mediterraneo Lepre marina Aplysia depilans Spanish Mediterranean dancer Depilatory sea hare www.intotheblue.it -2023-03-08-17h12m41s831
15
06:41

Spanish Mediterranean Dancer

In this video we can see a wonderful example of Spanish Mediterranean Dancer or Depilatory Sea Hare. It is a nudibranch mollusk, Aplysia depilans, that lives in the Mediterranean seabed at a depth ranging from 1 meter up to 10 meters. We met her in apnea in a rocky bottom around 2 meters. Elegant in its movements it seems to fly in the water with grace that would be the envy of a flamenco dancer.
Calyx nicaeensis Spugna Calice Goblet sponge www.intotheblue.it -2023-05-01-17h32m39s382
13
03:21

Calyx nicaeensis Goblet Sponge

I met this Calyx nicaeensis, Goblet Sponge, during a dive in the reefs of the Secche di Vada near Livorno. The name owes it to its characteristic goblet shape. According to some experts, this sponge has become extremely rare in the Mediterranean because it requires very stable water temperature and biological conditions: small variations are enough to decree its disappearance. We all know by now that climate change has a heavy impact on biological life, but few seem to realize that it also affects the deep sea.
T_Blue crab – Callinectes sapidus – Granchio blu – www.intotheblue.it-2023-08-04-16h38m28s440
21
03:46

Blue crab - Callinectes sapidus

Even we at intotheblue.it could not miss the infamous and by now famous this summer, Blue Crab - Callinectes sapidus - also known as Blue King Crab. We filmed it after several reports, on the stretch of coast between Vada and Rosignano Solvay, luring it with a bait to film it with the camera. This alien species has colonized the Mediterranean for at least fifty years but has spread by invading the coasts in recent years perhaps precisely because of the now inevitable warming of the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. ...
Penna di mare Sea pen Pennatula phosphorea www.intotheblue.it -2023-02-06-14h27m39s312
14
03:31

Sea pen Pennatula phosphorea

Sea pens are colonial marine cnidarians belonging to the order Pennatulacea. There are 14 families within the order and 35 extant genera; it is estimated that of 450 described species, around 200 are valid. Sea pens have a cosmopolitan distribution, being found in tropical and temperate waters worldwide, as well as from the intertidal to depths of more than 6100 m.Sea pens are grouped with the octocorals, together with sea whips (gorgonians).
mediterranean coral reef scogliera corallina mediterranea www.intotheblue.it-2023-03-23-15h51m08s725
14
21:12

Submerged marine life

Under the surface of the sea an exuberant life is "hidden" that develops in three dimensions, full of countless beings so different from each other where the competition for life sometimes becomes dramatic but always finds a delicate balance of coexistence. The interest in observation leads us to appreciate a wonderful aquatic life, both animal and plant, present at all depths.
Reteporella grimaldii Trina di mare Neptunes’ lace Sertella septentrionalis www.intotheblue.it-2023-02-10-11h12m22s066
18
03:22

Neptunes' lace Reteporella grimaldii

Reteporella grimaldii is a species of bryozoans  in the family Reteporidae.  It is composed of a colony of small animals that form a limestone substrate which takes the form of a refined lace. Hence the name of sea lace. The animals that compose it live on organic particles, plankton, filtering the water carried by the current. The Reteporella can take on different colors based on the species and the environmental conditions in which it lives. We have little information on the environment in which it lives but we can say with certainty, based on our direct experience, that it is possible to meet it from 10 meters up to 100 meters deep. The video we show you was shot in the Mediterranea Sea at 56 meters deep.
mediterranea Savalia savaglia and Paramuricea clavata gold coral and violescent sea-whip www.intotheblue.it-2023-02-14-15h09m24s700
15
08:56

Mediterranean coral reef

The Savalia savaglia, commonly known as gold coral, is a species colonial in the family Parazoanthidae. This organism is commonly called "false black coral". It owes its name to its ability to produce a dark-colored horny skeleton, usually blackish. The colonies are generally settled on pre-existing gorgonians skeletons and can grow with ramifications that far exceed one meter in length. The polyps of this coral have six tentacles which is why the species is part of Hexacorallia group. They are bright yellow or whitish, and very large and showy (2-3 cm high), similar to those of Parazoanthus axinellae. Sprout very well from the tissue that lines the skeleton (coenenchyme) and have available alternates, showing smooth tentacles. The polyps do not fall as those of other species but can retract and close in on themselves.
Unknown marine organism – Organismo marino sconosciuto – www.intotheblue.it -2023-02-16-17h31m32s980
11
03:47

Unknown marine organism

During a scuba dive in a beautiful Mediterranean coral reef of Savalia savaglia and Paramuricea clavata, at a depth between 72 and 76 meters, I met this unknown marine organism for the first time. Curiosity prompted me to carry out a series of searches to understand precisely what I was dealing with. Research has not yielded a satisfactory answer. The questions I asked myself were many. Based on my experience of many years of scuba diving it could be an animal belonging to the phylum Prorifera.