Do octopuses grow tentacles again-2024-04-20-16h54m29s089
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11:11

Do octopuses grow tentacles again ?

The answer is yes! and in the video we see how this octopus is growing back its three tentacles in front of its eyes. The octopus is both a predator and a prey and it often happens that when fighting groupers, conger eels, moray eels and other predatory fish, our friend loses one or more of its tentacles, but saves its life by escaping. ...
Giant Trevally – Carango gigante indopacifico – Caranx ignobilis – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-17-12h53m41s444
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02:58

Giant Trevally

The Giant Trevally (Caranx ignobilis), also known as the lowly trevally, barrier trevally, ronin jack, giant kingfish, or ulua, is a species of large marine fish classified in the jack family Carangidae. The Giant Trevally is distributed throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific region, with a range stretching from South Africa in the west to Hawaii in the east, including Japan in the north and Australia in the south.
Great Cormorant – Cormorano comune – Phalacrocorax Carbo – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-17h43m12s609
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03:46

Great Cormorant

The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Carbo, (Linnaeus, 1758) is a species of bird in the shag family. It is a large bird with black body and a hook beak. There is however a large variation in size in the wide range of species. Cormorants of various weights have been reported, but the average weight is around 2.6 to 3.7 kg. The length can range from 70 to 102 cm and the wingspan from 120 to 160 cm.
Bigfin reef Squid – Calamaro di Lesson – Sepioteuthis lessoniana – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-16-10h59m56s436
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05:24

Bigfin reef Squid

Bigfin reef Squid, Sepioteuthis lessoniana, commonly known as the glitter squid or oval squid, is a species of loliginid squid. It is one of the three currently recognized species belonging to the genus Sepioteuthis. Studies in 1993, however, have indicated that bigfin reef squids may comprise a cfyptic species complex. The species is likely to include several very similar and closely related species. Bigfin reef squids are characterised by a large oval fin that extends throughout the margins of its mantle, giving them a superficial similarity to cuttlefish. They are small to medium-sized squids, averaging 3.8 to 33 centimetres in length.
diving point – punto d’immersione – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-02-14h48m55s113
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31:18

Diving near Gorgona island

We planned this scuba dive in the area between Livorno and Gorgona Island. We are over 12 nautical miles from Livorno and about 6 miles from Gorgona. In this area the seabed rises from over 100 meters deep to 48 metres. It is an area that we know well in the part between 48 and 54 meters deep, but the sea always reserves unexpected surprises: in fact from the echo sounder we saw that there are reef at depths of 60, 70 meters and more.
School of grey Mullet grazing – Branco di Muggini al pascolo – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-12-15h12m18s583
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03:10

School of grey Mullet grazing

Flathead grey mullets it is a fish able to withstand wide variations in salinity, in fact we find it regularly in marine waters, fresh or brackish waters. Extremely adaptable to all environments; we often find it at the mouths of rivers, in lagoon areas where sea water mixes with fresh water from the hinterland and inside bays and harbors. Usually shy and suspicious, because often the object of predatory fish hunting, in this case he let himself be approached by the diver's camera who took the opportunity to make a close encounter.
Garfish – Aguglia – Belone belone – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-15h29m06s170
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02:15

Aguglia

The Garfish (Belone belone) has a very elongated and compressed body, the dorsal zone is dark blue and fades in the blue on the flanks which are silvery; The belly is yellowish in color. Its length can exceed 80 cm and 1 Kg of weight. The jaws are thin and prominent enough to resemble a beak. The Garfish is a pelagic fish that lives on the high seas, only during the summer it approaches the coast to spawn.
Orange-lined Triggerfish Pesce Balestra Striato Balistapus undulatus www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-15-12h19m36s725
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04:42

Orange-lined Triggerfish

The Orange-lined Triggerfish has a dark brown to dark green body with orange lines that start behind the head and cover the rest of its body. Their maximum body size is about 30 centimeters. Its body has a stocky appearance, oval shape, and is compressed laterally. The head is large and is about one third of the body length. The mouth is small and terminal and it has strong teeth.
Umbraculum mediterraneum – Umbraculum umbraculum – Umbracolo – Umbrella slug – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-03-15h30m58s708
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06:28

Umbraculum mediterraneum or Umbrella slug

I saw this beautiful specimen of Umbaculum mediterraneum during a dive in a Mediterranean coral reef at a depth of over 70 meters. In many years of diving I had never come across this nudibranch. It is an adult specimen of rather large dimensions, in fact it is well over 20 cm in length. This leads me to think that, together with Aplysia depilans, it is among the largest nudibranchs present in the Mediterranean Sea.
young Titan triggerfish – giovane Balestra Titano – young Giant triggerfish – Balistoides viridescens – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-12-18h33m07s993
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03:47

young Titan triggerfish

In this video you can see a Titan Triggerfish in its juvenile phase during which, if possible, it tries to stay safe inside a lair that it has probably excavated. However, if it catches signs of danger, it runs away to find a safer refuge in the coral reef. The shape is characteristic of triggerfishes, but the light color is far from the adult stage.
Mediterranean jellyfish – Cassiopea mediterranea – Cotylorhiza tuberculata – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-17h07m01s733
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01:49

Mediterranean jellyfish

Mediterranean jellyfish, Cotylorhiza tuberculata, is a species of jellyfish, of the phylum Cnidaria, also known as the Mediterranean jelly. It is commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and Adriatic Sea. It can reach 40 cm in diameter. It seems that this jellyfish's sting has very little or no effect on humans.
Cuckoo Wrasse male – Tordo fischietto maschio – Labrus mixtus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-25-15h50m04s181
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03:53

Cuckoo Wrasse male

The Cuckoo Wrasse (Labrus mixtus) is a protogynous hermaphrodite, and females can change sex into males, a process which takes around seven months. In this short and interesting video you can observe the phase in which a female has just begun the transformation to become a male: in fact the electric blue color and the darker bands are starting to become evident, but have not yet covered the body as in the phase of complete transformation. The cuckoo wrasse is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Senegal, including the Azores and Madeira. It is also found in the Mediterranean Sea.
Spotted Eagle Ray – Aquila di Mare Maculata – Aetobatus narinari – www.intotheblue.it -2023-05-08-10h11m11s299
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02:02

Spotted Eagle Ray

The Spotted Eagle Ray, (Aetobatus narinari), is a cartilagionus fish of the eagle ray family, Myliobatidae. As traditionally recognized, it is found globally in tropical regions, including the Atlantic, pacific and Indian Oceans. Spotted eagle rays are most commonly seen alone, but occasionally swim in groups. They are ovoviviparous, the female retaining the eggs then releasing the young as miniature versions of the parent. This ray can be identified by its dark dorsal surface covered in white spots or rings. Near the base of the ray's relatively long tail, just behind the pelvic fins, are several venomous,
Female Cuckoo Wrasse Tordo Fischietto femmina Labrus mixtus www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-24-15h36m46s814
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02:58

Female Cuckoo Wrasse

Female Cuckoo Wrasse (Labrus mixtus) is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Senegal, including the Azores and Madeira. It is also found in the Mediterranean Sea. They can be found amongst the algae on rocky shores at depths from 2 to 200 m, though mostly between 40 and 80 m. This species is an important food fish for local populations and is also popular as a game fish. It is also a popular fish for display in public aquaria.
Triglia linea-punto nel Mediterraneo Dash-and-dot goatfish in Mediterranean Sea Parupeneus barberinus www.intotheblue.it -2022-12-05-12h06m36s595
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03:00

Dash-and-dot goatfish in Mediterranean Sea

We met the Dash-and-dot goatfish Parupeneus barberinus in Mediterranean sea of Cyprus while snorkelling among the rocks of the island. We did not expect to have this meeting in the Mediterranean because it is a tropical fish present in all tropical seas and in particular in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
ship wreck “DIMITRIOS P” to Creta – relitto della nave “DIMITRIOS P” a Creta – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-09-14h02m13s660
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04:40

ship wreck “DIMITRIOS P” to Creta

During a holiday on the island of Crete we went to the nearby island of Gramvousa starting from the port of Kissamos. The passion for underwater video shooting brought us to this place with white sandy beaches, wild and rocky but with a crystal clear sea typical of the Mediterranean. We knew that there is the rusty wreck of ship wreck “DIMITRIOS P” on the island but we did not know the reason for the sinking.
Humphead wrasse – Pesce Napoleone – Cheilinus undulatus – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-11h32m32s843
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08:00

Humphead wrasse

The Humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) is a large species of wrasse mainly found on coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. It is also known as the Māori wrasse, Napoleon wrasse, Napoleon fish, Napoleonfish. The humphead wrasse is the largest living member of the family Labridae. Males, typically larger than females, are capable of reaching up to 2 meters and weighing up to 180 kg, but the average length is a little less than 1 meter. Females rarely grow larger than one meter.
Basket Star
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08:55

Basket Star

The Basket Star is characterized by five tentacles, each branched several times, with which it clings to the branches of the soft corals and which are opened at night to feed on. The body has a diameter that can reach 8 centimeters, with the complete opening of the tentacles the maximum width of the entire animal can reach 80 centimeters. It feeds passively with the open tentacles, in particular of planktonic microparticles.
Brown meagre or Corb – Corvina – Corvina nigra – Scianea umbra – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-10-15h08m21s863
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01:57

Brown Meagre or Corb

Brown meagre or corb (Sciaena umbra) is a species of croaker found in, the eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea occurring in shallow waters and sandy bottoms. It is harvested for human consumption, especially in the Mediterranean. The brown meagre is found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean from the southern English Channel south to Senegal and Cape Verde, including the Canary Islands records from West Africa south of Senegal are questionable. Also in the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and Sea of Azov.
Common Octopus – Polpo – Octopus vulgaris – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-18-10h16m30s180
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01:25

Common Octopus

The common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) is a mollusc belonging to the class Cephalopoda. Octopus vulgaris is the most studied of all octopus species. It is considered cosmopolitan, that is, a global species, which ranges from the eastern Atlantic, extends from the Mediterranean and the southern coast of England, to at least Senegal in Africa. It also occurs off the Azores, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. The species is also common in the Western Atlantic.
Blaktip reef Shark – Squalo Pinna nera – Carcharhinus melanopterus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-12-31-14h49m26s069
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07:26

Blacktip reef Shark

The Blacktip reef Shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) is a species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae, which can be easily identified by the prominent black tips on its fins (especially on the first dorsal fin and its caudal fin). Among the most abundant sharks inhabiting the tropical coral reefs of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, this species prefers shallow, inshore waters. Its exposed first dorsal fin is a common sight in the region. The blacktip reef shark is usually found over reef ledges and sandy flats, though it has also been known to enter brakish and freshwater environments.
Grouper of  Mediterranean Sea – Cernia Bruna – Epinephelus marginatus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-08-16h20m45s407
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02:57

Grouper of Mediterranean Sea

This video shows a typical reef of Mediterranean reef particularly exploited by sport fishermen. As you can see there are many nylon fishing lines that have remained entangled in the rocks like this however create pollution from plastic materials. The Grouper of Mediterranean Sea is inside his den but, unfortunately the fish has two fishing hooks stuck in his upper lip, frightened by the presence of the diver and his video equipment, he immediately gives himself up to escape leaving us with a palm of the nose...
Sand steenbras or Striped seabream – Mormora o Marmora – Lithognathus mormyrus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-19-15h00m56s938
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05:36

Sand steenbras

The Sand Steenbras (Lithognathus Mormoryus) belongs to the class Osteichthyes, subclass Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, suborder Percoidei, family Sparidae. It is a beautiful elegant silver-colored fish with six very dark and highlighted vertical bands and an equal number of narrower and less evident bands, the body is long and compressed laterally, the profile is high and rounded. The lips are fleshy and the teeth are arranged in different rows; it can reach a length of 30 cm.
Picasso triggerfish – pesce Balestra Picasso – Rhinecanthus aculeatus – Lagoon triggerfish – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-10-18h15m11s335
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02:57

Picasso triggerfish Rhinecanthus aculeatus

The Lagoon triggerfish (Rhinecanthus aculeatus), also known as the blackbar Triggerfish, the Picasso triggerfish, or the Picassofish, is a triggerfish, up to 30 cm in length, found on reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. This species has been studied in a range of research contexts, from locomotion to color vision research. Lagoon triggerfish live in the reefs and sandy areas of coral reefs, where they eat just about anything that comes along, mostly including invertebrates and reef algae.
Ostrica Spinosa o Spondilo – Spiny Oysters – Spondylus gaederopus – www.intotheblue.it-2022-12-10-11h54m18s113
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02:17

Spiny Oysters Spondylus gaederopus

Spondylus gaederopus is a species of marine bivalve mollusc, a thorny oyster in the family Spondylidae. This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. Spondylus gaederopus attaches itself to the substrate with its lower valve, which is usually white, while the upper valve is usually purple. Specimens that are all white, or all purple do, however, exist.
Bogues that devour a Barrel jellyfish – Boghe che divorano un Polmone di mare – www.intotheblue.it -2023-11-06-12h37m33s049
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06:47

Bogues that devour a Barrel jellyfish

Boops boops commonly called the bogue, is a species of seabream native to the eastern Atlantic. Its common name in most languages refers to its large ("bug") eyes. The species is found off the coasts of Europe, Africa, the Azores and the Canary Islands, from Norway to Angola, and in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. It avoids brackish waters such as the Baltic Sea. A demeral and semi-pelagic, it can generally be found at a depth of 100 m, and infrequently down to 350 m.
Cigar jellyfish – Medusa Olindia – Olindias phosphorica – www.intotheblue.it-2023-02-18-16h31m46s238
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05:13

Cigar jellyfish Olindias phosphorica

Olindias phosphorica, or Cigar jellyfish, is a species of hydrozoan from the central and eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean sea is a predominantly warm body of water, thus Olindias phosphorica is a warm-water Jellyfish. Global warming has facilitated the proliferation of the species throughout the Mediterranean sea.
Clown Triggerfish Balistoides conspicillum Pesce Balestra Pagliaccio www.intotheblue.it -2023-05-10-12h31m31s925
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06:04

Clown Triggerfish Balistoides conspicillum

The Clown Triggerfish (Balistoides conspicillum), also known as the Bigspotted Triggerfish, is a demersal marine fish belonging to the family Balistidae, or commonly called triggerfish. The Clown Triggerfish is a fish which grows up to 50 cm. Its body has a stocky appearance, oval shape and compressed laterally. The head is large and represents approximately one third of the body length. The mouth is small, terminal and has strong teeth. The Clown Triggerfish is widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indian Ocean and in the western Pacific Ocean.
Paguro nel guscio di Phalium glaucum Hermit crab in Phalium glaucum shell www.intotheblue.it -2022-12-07-14h55m50s318
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02:41

Hermit crab in Phalium glaucum shell

The Pagurus belongs to the Paguridae family. Hermit crabs are crustaceans with a curved and soft abdomen. It lives in empty shells of gastropods on which it sometimes attacks sponges or poisonous actinias to camouflage and defend itself. In case of danger it can withdraw completely inside the shell. The end of the tail of the hermit crab is suitable for strongly grasping the shell it always carries with it. When it grows and the size of the shell is no longer suitable is search for a new shell to protect yourself. In the video we see a hermit crab that has taken possession of the shell of the sea snail Phalium glaucum, a marine gastropod mollusc of the Cassidae family
Piero Foscari ship wreck Relitto nave Piero Foscari www.intotheblue.it-2023-10-10-11h57m19s238
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12:42

Piero Foscari ship wreck

September 10, 2023 marked the eightieth year since the sinking of the Piero Foscari ship on September 10, 1943 in Castiglioncello near Livorno (Italy). In this video I show you what remains of the wreck completely destroyed during the last war. Furthermore, after 80 years the sea has caused further deterioration of the structure. The wreck is located at a depth of between 15 and 16 metres.
Indian Triggerfish Pesce Balestra indiano Melichthys indicus www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-09-11h12m17s352
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05:26

Indian Triggerfish Melichthys indicus

The Indian Triggerfish (Melichthys indicus), also known as the black-finned Triggerfish, has a brown body and black fins with white lines at the base of the dossal and anal fins. It is found across the Indian Ocean. They can grow up to 25 cm. long. The Indian triggerfish usually feeds on hard-shelled mollusks and echinoderms, but some feed on algae and zooplankton.
Ballerina spagnola del Mediterraneo Lepre marina Aplysia depilans Spanish Mediterranean dancer Depilatory sea hare www.intotheblue.it -2023-03-08-17h12m41s831
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06:41

Spanish Mediterranean Dancer

In this video we can see a wonderful example of Spanish Mediterranean Dancer or Depilatory Sea Hare. It is a nudibranch mollusk, Aplysia depilans, that lives in the Mediterranean seabed at a depth ranging from 1 meter up to 10 meters. We met her in apnea in a rocky bottom around 2 meters. Elegant in its movements it seems to fly in the water with grace that would be the envy of a flamenco dancer.
Emperor Angelfish Pesce Angelo Imperatore Pomacanthus imperator www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-07-16h35m38s128
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03:37

Emperor Angelfish Pomacanthus imperator

The Emperor Angelfish (Pomacanthus imperator) is a species of marine angelfish. It is a reef-associated fish, native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from Red Sea to Hawai and the Austral Islands. This species is generally associated with stable populations and faces no major threats of extinction. It is a favorite of photographers, artists, and aquarists because of its unique, brilliant pattern of coloration.
Calyx nicaeensis Spugna Calice Goblet sponge www.intotheblue.it -2023-05-01-17h32m39s382
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03:21

Calyx nicaeensis Goblet Sponge

I met this Calyx nicaeensis, Goblet Sponge, during a dive in the reefs of the Secche di Vada near Livorno. The name owes it to its characteristic goblet shape. According to some experts, this sponge has become extremely rare in the Mediterranean because it requires very stable water temperature and biological conditions: small variations are enough to decree its disappearance. We all know by now that climate change has a heavy impact on biological life, but few seem to realize that it also affects the deep sea.
Red Squirrelfish Pesce Scoiattolo rosso Adioryx rubra Sargocentron rubrum www.intotheblue.it-2022-12-03-15h59m28s153
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02:56

Red Squirrelfish

We met the Red Squirrelfish (Sargocentron rubrum) in the sea of ​​Cyprus while snorkelling among the rocks of the island. We did not expect to have this meeting in the Mediterranean because it is a tropical fish present in all tropical seas and in particular in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The reason for this sighting, as indeed for other tropical species now present in the Mediterranean, we owe it to the climatic warming of the sea, which creates favorable conditions, and to the Lessepsian migration: that is, to the entry and stabilization of animal and tropical species from the Channel of Suez.