Dogtooth tuna – Tonno dente di cane – Gymnosarda unicolor – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-06-10h36m53s386
15
01:23

Dogtooth tuna

The Dogtooth tuna, Gymnosarda unicolor, also known as white tuna, is a species of pelagic marine fish which belongs to the family Scombridae. The dogtooth tuna can reach a length of 190 to 248 centimetres in males and a weight of 130 kilograms. The average length commonly observed is around 40 to 120 centimetres. They have 12 to 14 dorsal soft rays and 12 to 13 anal soft rays. The lateral line is undulates strongly.
Mnemiopsis leidyi-2024-07-09-18h32m25s290
15
08:17

Invasion of the Sea walnut Mnemiopsis leidyi

Also this summer we are witnessing the invasion of the Mnemiopsis leidyi or Sea walnut. This year we are in early July and the sea water is slowly warming up as always in summer. Punctually after a short and intense sea storm we witness an invasion of jellyfish, plastic, tree trunks and branches, various floating debris and as now every year also the Mnemiopsis leidyi, the now infamous Sea walnut. ...
School of Sand steenbras or Striped seabream – Branco di Mormore  o Marmore – Lithognathus mormyrus – www.intotheblue.it-2024-07-07-14h15m57s968
18
03:51

Branco di Mormore

The Sand Steenbras (Lithognathus mormyrus) is a beautiful elegant silver-colored fish with six very dark and highlighted vertical bands and an equal number of narrower and less evident bands, the body is long and compressed laterally, the profile is high and rounded. The lips are fleshy and the teeth are arranged in different rows; it can reach a length of 30 cm. and a weight that rarely reaches one kilogram. It has gregarious habits and we find it in small groups in a depth mixed with rock and sand at a depth that hardly exceeds 20 meters.
coastal Mucilage caused by marine warming – Mucillagine costiera causata dal riscaldamento marino – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-31-12h03m06s932
21
02:25

SOS marine warming

With the arrival of summer the coastal mucilage caused by marine warming promptly returns.. Nobody can deny that the warming of our planet Earth is now evident even to those who still harbor doubts and uncertainties. Climate change is present at all levels of our ecosystems: from tropical forests to the oceans.
Lined Surgeonfish – Blue-lined Surgeonfish – Pesce Chirurgo in pigiama – Pesce Chirurgo striato – Acanthurus lineatus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-22-14h30m13s831
22
06:39

Lined Surgeonfish Acanthurus lineatus

Acanthurus lineatus, the lined surgeonfish, is a member of the family Acanthuridae, the surgeonfishes. Other common names include blue banded surgeonfish, blue-lined surgeonfish, clown surgeonfish, pyjama tang, striped surgeonfish, and zebra surgeonfish. Acanthurus lineatus occurs in the Indian Ocean from East Africa to the western Pacific Ocean to the Great Barrier Reef, Japan, Polynesia and Hawaii.
T_Amberjack Ricciola Seriola dumerili-2024-06-23-12h13m32s409
19
02:59

Ricciola

In summer the amberjack (Seriola dumerili) approaches the coast from the open sea where it spends the winter. Both large and small specimens, after reproduction, only think about looking for food by practicing real raids among schools of gregarious fish such as mullet, garfish, ...
Blue Crab – Granchio blu o Granchio reale blu o Granchio azzurro – Callinectes sapidus – www.intotheblue.it-2024-06-01-15h33m38s846
23
07:22

Blue Crab invasion

In Italy, public awareness of the detrimental impact of this species on local molluscs is rapidly growing and, especially in the Po delta area and on the Adriatic sea coast, eradication efforts are undergoing, both by local authorities and by local fishermen. From the 2000s until 2023 the species was reported throughout Italy. We met her, Callinectes sapidus, in Rosignano Solvay in the Province of Livorno where we took the photos and video you are seeing.
Medusa mediterranea Rhizostoma pulmo – Polmone di mare – Big mediterranean barrel jellyfish – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-31-15h05m41s482
20
03:39

Big mediterranean Barrel jellyfish

Big mediterranean barrel jellyfish, Rhizostoma pulmo,, commonly known as the barrel jellyfish, the dustbin-lid jellyfish or the frilly-mouthed jellyfish, is a scyphomedusa in the family Rizostomatidae. It is found in the northeast Atlantic, and in the Mediterranean sea, Black Sea and Sea of Azov. It is also known from the southern Atlantic off the western South African coast and into False Bay
Carangoides ferdau – Blue Trevally – Carangide di Ferdau – Carangide blu – www.intothwblue.it-2023-05-18-17h13m48s948
12
01:25

Ferdau's trevally

The blue trevally (Carangoides ferdau), also known as the banded trevally, barred trevally, Ferdau's trevally or Forskaal's jackfish, is a common, widespread species of pelagic marine fish classified in the jack family Carangidae. The blue trevally is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indo-Pacific and central Pacific regions, ranging from South Africa in the west to Hawaii in the east
Basket star in appointment to reproduce – Stelle Gorgone in procreazione – Astrospartus mediterraneus – www.intotheblue.it-2024-05-22-14h14m12s619
19
08:11

Basket star in appointment to reproduce

In many years of scuba diving I have never encountered so many Basket star all at once. Surely there are precise reasons to justify this concentration. The reasons can be various, the most logical ones lead me to think that it is an appointment to reproduce and that in these rocks there are optimal conditions, of currents and plankton, for their life and feeding. This beautiful video, made in a single dive between Livorno and the island of Gorgona, is the demonstration of what has been stated.
young Yellowmouth Barracuda – giovane Barracuda mediterraneo – Sphyraena viridensis – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-31-11h04m07s970
12
02:15

young Yellowmouth Barracuda

The young yellowmouth barracuda, Sphyraena viridensis, or yellow barracuda is a predatory ray finned fish from the family Sphyraenidae, the barracudas, which is found in the warmer waters of the western Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is often confused with the European barracuda Sphyraena sphyraena.
Palelipped surgeonfish – Pesce chirurgo labbra chiare – Acanthurus leucocheilus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-21-14h17m32s351
10
02:57

Palelipped surgeonfish

Il Pesce chirurgo labbra chiare Acanthurus leucocheilus è un pesce osseo marino appartenente alla famiglia Acanthuridae. La specie è ampiamente distribuita nell'Indo-Pacifico tropicale tra le coste africane orientali a Tuvalu e alle Sporadi Equatoriali. Vive nella parte esterna delle barriere coralline specie vicino alle cadute dove il fondo scende bruscamente verso le alte profondità.
ready for scuba diving – pronti per l’immersione subacquea – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-06-14h29m43s240
10
28:41

High risk scuba diving

Deep scuba diving using compressed air is definitely to be considered a high-risk dive. All international diving organizations recommend limiting diving with compressed air to -40 meters of depth to avoid incurring what is called nitrogen narcosis. Compressed air is denser as the depth increases, and consequently greater breathing effort is required which could lead to breathlessness and greater air consumption.
Picarel fish – Spicara smaris – Zerro – www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-29-17h01m03s829
11
04:12

Picarel fish Spicara smaris

Picarel fish, Spicara smaris, is native to the subtropical eastern Atlantic Ocean including the coasts of Portugal, the Canary Islands and Morocco, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. It is usually found in seagrass meadows and over sandy and muddy seabeds. Its depth range is generally 15 to 170 m. but it has been recorded at depths of 328 m. in the eastern Ionian Sea.
Noah’s Ark seashell – Arca di Noè o Mussolo – Arca noae – www.intotheblue.it-2024-04-30-11h44m11s932
14
09:25

Noah's Ark seashell

Noah's Ark seashell, Arca noae, is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Arcidae. It is found in the Mediterranean Sea from low tide mark to a depth of 100 metres. The seashell of Arca noae grows to about 10 cm in length. but the ones we found did not exceed 3, 4 centimeters. Quite difficult to identify on the seabed because the shells are always covered not only by sponges but also by algae or other encrusting organisms. We noticed their presence because they were found open without the presence of the mollusc which was certainly prey to either an Octopus or fish such as Sea bream and Bream.
Variable-lined fusilier – Caesio varilineata – www.intotheblue.it-2023-12-03-16h00m52s219
13
02:53

Fuciliere Caesio varilineata

Caesio varilineata, the variable-lined fusilier or thin-lined fusilier, is a species of pelagic marine ray-finned fish, a fusilier belonging to the family Caesionidae. It is found in the Indo-Pacific region. Caesio varilineata is only found in the Indian Ocean from western Indonesia to the eastern coast of Africa, Red Sea and Persian Gulf included. It lives in the open water close to reef and the external reefs.
Filograna implexa – Salmacina incrustans – www.intotheblue.it-2023-02-11-14h52m38s545
12
04:17

Marine worm Filograna implexa

Filograna implexa (Salmacina incrustans) is a marine species of tubular worm belonging to the class of sedentary Polychaeta of the Serpulidae family. This species is found in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, the English Channel, the North Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and off the coast of Monzambique, and from South Africa to New Zealand.
Red tuft Protula – Protula dal ciuffo rosso – Protula tubularia – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-19-11h46m36s789
13
01:54

The red-tuft Protula

The red-tuft Protula lives throughout the Mediterranean Sea in small tubes at depths that can vary from 10 meters to over 100 meters. It is a very common annelid throughout the Mediterranean and therefore we can easily find it among the Posidonia oceanica meadows, on the various detrital bottoms and in coral reefs. The red color characterizes this worm from the other species of the same family.
Do octopuses grow tentacles again-2024-04-20-16h54m29s089
15
11:11

Do octopuses grow tentacles again ?

The answer is yes! and in the video we see how this octopus is growing back its three tentacles in front of its eyes. The octopus is both a predator and a prey and it often happens that when fighting groupers, conger eels, moray eels and other predatory fish, our friend loses one or more of its tentacles, but saves its life by escaping. ...
Giant Trevally – Carango gigante indopacifico – Caranx ignobilis – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-17-12h53m41s444
15
02:58

Giant Trevally

The Giant Trevally (Caranx ignobilis), also known as the lowly trevally, barrier trevally, ronin jack, giant kingfish, or ulua, is a species of large marine fish classified in the jack family Carangidae. The Giant Trevally is distributed throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific region, with a range stretching from South Africa in the west to Hawaii in the east, including Japan in the north and Australia in the south.
Great Cormorant – Cormorano comune – Phalacrocorax Carbo – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-17h43m12s609
13
03:46

Great Cormorant

The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Carbo, (Linnaeus, 1758) is a species of bird in the shag family. It is a large bird with black body and a hook beak. There is however a large variation in size in the wide range of species. Cormorants of various weights have been reported, but the average weight is around 2.6 to 3.7 kg. The length can range from 70 to 102 cm and the wingspan from 120 to 160 cm.
Bigfin reef Squid – Calamaro di Lesson – Sepioteuthis lessoniana – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-16-10h59m56s436
13
05:24

Bigfin reef Squid

Bigfin reef Squid, Sepioteuthis lessoniana, commonly known as the glitter squid or oval squid, is a species of loliginid squid. It is one of the three currently recognized species belonging to the genus Sepioteuthis. Studies in 1993, however, have indicated that bigfin reef squids may comprise a cfyptic species complex. The species is likely to include several very similar and closely related species. Bigfin reef squids are characterised by a large oval fin that extends throughout the margins of its mantle, giving them a superficial similarity to cuttlefish. They are small to medium-sized squids, averaging 3.8 to 33 centimetres in length.
diving point – punto d’immersione – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-02-14h48m55s113
20
31:18

Diving near Gorgona island

We planned this scuba dive in the area between Livorno and Gorgona Island. We are over 12 nautical miles from Livorno and about 6 miles from Gorgona. In this area the seabed rises from over 100 meters deep to 48 metres. It is an area that we know well in the part between 48 and 54 meters deep, but the sea always reserves unexpected surprises: in fact from the echo sounder we saw that there are reef at depths of 60, 70 meters and more.
School of grey Mullet grazing – Branco di Muggini al pascolo – www.intotheblue.it-2023-11-12-15h12m18s583
11
03:10

School of grey Mullet grazing

Flathead grey mullets it is a fish able to withstand wide variations in salinity, in fact we find it regularly in marine waters, fresh or brackish waters. Extremely adaptable to all environments; we often find it at the mouths of rivers, in lagoon areas where sea water mixes with fresh water from the hinterland and inside bays and harbors. Usually shy and suspicious, because often the object of predatory fish hunting, in this case he let himself be approached by the diver's camera who took the opportunity to make a close encounter.
Garfish – Aguglia – Belone belone – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-15h29m06s170
14
02:15

Aguglia

The Garfish (Belone belone) has a very elongated and compressed body, the dorsal zone is dark blue and fades in the blue on the flanks which are silvery; The belly is yellowish in color. Its length can exceed 80 cm and 1 Kg of weight. The jaws are thin and prominent enough to resemble a beak. The Garfish is a pelagic fish that lives on the high seas, only during the summer it approaches the coast to spawn.
Orange-lined Triggerfish Pesce Balestra Striato Balistapus undulatus www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-15-12h19m36s725
13
04:42

Orange-lined Triggerfish

The Orange-lined Triggerfish has a dark brown to dark green body with orange lines that start behind the head and cover the rest of its body. Their maximum body size is about 30 centimeters. Its body has a stocky appearance, oval shape, and is compressed laterally. The head is large and is about one third of the body length. The mouth is small and terminal and it has strong teeth.
Giant Barrel jellyfish – Polmone di mare gigante – Rhizostoma pulmo – www.intotheblue.it-2024-03-15-22h14m33s424
10
07:38

Giant Barrel jellyfish

Barrel jellyfish is a very beautiful jellyfish! and this one in the video is really big, probably the diameter exceeds 50/55 cm, as can be seen from the proportions of the undersigned's hand. It is one of the classic jellyfish of the Mediterranean Sea, perhaps the most common to encounter. Here on intotheblue.it we have published it numerous times.
Umbraculum mediterraneum – Umbraculum umbraculum – Umbracolo – Umbrella slug – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-03-15h30m58s708
16
06:28

Umbraculum mediterraneum or Umbrella slug

I saw this beautiful specimen of Umbaculum mediterraneum during a dive in a Mediterranean coral reef at a depth of over 70 meters. In many years of diving I had never come across this nudibranch. It is an adult specimen of rather large dimensions, in fact it is well over 20 cm in length. This leads me to think that, together with Aplysia depilans, it is among the largest nudibranchs present in the Mediterranean Sea.
young Titan triggerfish – giovane Balestra Titano – young Giant triggerfish – Balistoides viridescens – www.intotheblue.it-2023-05-12-18h33m07s993
19
03:47

young Titan triggerfish

In this video you can see a Titan Triggerfish in its juvenile phase during which, if possible, it tries to stay safe inside a lair that it has probably excavated. However, if it catches signs of danger, it runs away to find a safer refuge in the coral reef. The shape is characteristic of triggerfishes, but the light color is far from the adult stage.
Mediterranean jellyfish – Cassiopea mediterranea – Cotylorhiza tuberculata – www.intotheblue.it-2024-01-30-17h07m01s733
11
01:49

Mediterranean jellyfish

Mediterranean jellyfish, Cotylorhiza tuberculata, is a species of jellyfish, of the phylum Cnidaria, also known as the Mediterranean jelly. It is commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and Adriatic Sea. It can reach 40 cm in diameter. It seems that this jellyfish's sting has very little or no effect on humans.
Cuckoo Wrasse male – Tordo fischietto maschio – Labrus mixtus – www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-25-15h50m04s181
14
03:53

Cuckoo Wrasse male

The Cuckoo Wrasse (Labrus mixtus) is a protogynous hermaphrodite, and females can change sex into males, a process which takes around seven months. In this short and interesting video you can observe the phase in which a female has just begun the transformation to become a male: in fact the electric blue color and the darker bands are starting to become evident, but have not yet covered the body as in the phase of complete transformation. The cuckoo wrasse is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Senegal, including the Azores and Madeira. It is also found in the Mediterranean Sea.
Spotted Eagle Ray – Aquila di Mare Maculata – Aetobatus narinari – www.intotheblue.it -2023-05-08-10h11m11s299
13
02:02

Spotted Eagle Ray

The Spotted Eagle Ray, (Aetobatus narinari), is a cartilagionus fish of the eagle ray family, Myliobatidae. As traditionally recognized, it is found globally in tropical regions, including the Atlantic, pacific and Indian Oceans. Spotted eagle rays are most commonly seen alone, but occasionally swim in groups. They are ovoviviparous, the female retaining the eggs then releasing the young as miniature versions of the parent. This ray can be identified by its dark dorsal surface covered in white spots or rings. Near the base of the ray's relatively long tail, just behind the pelvic fins, are several venomous,
Female Cuckoo Wrasse Tordo Fischietto femmina Labrus mixtus www.intotheblue.it-2023-04-24-15h36m46s814
15
02:58

Female Cuckoo Wrasse

Female Cuckoo Wrasse (Labrus mixtus) is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Senegal, including the Azores and Madeira. It is also found in the Mediterranean Sea. They can be found amongst the algae on rocky shores at depths from 2 to 200 m, though mostly between 40 and 80 m. This species is an important food fish for local populations and is also popular as a game fish. It is also a popular fish for display in public aquaria.
Triglia linea-punto nel Mediterraneo Dash-and-dot goatfish in Mediterranean Sea Parupeneus barberinus www.intotheblue.it -2022-12-05-12h06m36s595
15
03:00

Dash-and-dot goatfish in Mediterranean Sea

We met the Dash-and-dot goatfish Parupeneus barberinus in Mediterranean sea of Cyprus while snorkelling among the rocks of the island. We did not expect to have this meeting in the Mediterranean because it is a tropical fish present in all tropical seas and in particular in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
ship wreck “DIMITRIOS P” to Creta – relitto della nave “DIMITRIOS P” a Creta – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-09-14h02m13s660
19
04:40

ship wreck “DIMITRIOS P” to Creta

During a holiday on the island of Crete we went to the nearby island of Gramvousa starting from the port of Kissamos. The passion for underwater video shooting brought us to this place with white sandy beaches, wild and rocky but with a crystal clear sea typical of the Mediterranean. We knew that there is the rusty wreck of ship wreck “DIMITRIOS P” on the island but we did not know the reason for the sinking.
Gilt-head bream Sparus aurata Orata – www.intotheblue.it-2024-02-09-20h39m28s091_T
11
04:03

Orata

Gilt-head bream or sea bream is a fish that usually lives in open water, in this video we see a specimen in a hole, probably looking for molluscs and crustaceans on which it feeds. Often very wary of the diver from whom they keep their distance, in summer it is easy to find specimens, even large ones, among the swimmers. We surprised her in this hole so she found herself remaining in front of the camera for a few seconds just a few centimeters away and then definitively disappearing.