Garfish, Belone belone is a bony sea fish belonging to the Belonidae family. It commonly lives in the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern Atlantic, in coastal areas around the Canary Islands, the Azores, Madeira and Cape Verde, as well as in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Garfish is a pelagic species, i.e. it lives mostly in the open sea and usually in the Mediterranean it approaches the coast from the end of August until October.

Garfish Belone belone Aguglia
Garfish Belone belone Aguglia

We can rarely find it at other times of the year, as in this case. In fact, the video was filmed in early June and, as we can see, the garfish appear in a herd of numerous individuals and of rather large size, some specimens over 50 cm, therefore in adulthood. Garfish Belone belone Aguglia


These fish have a tapered shape, almost eel-shaped, with fins in the rear part, the garfish has a horny beak with a longer jaw than the jaw, very flexible. The skeleton is blue-green in color, the coloration of the bone is due to deposits of biliverdin, a product of bile.

Garfish Belone belone Aguglia
Garfish Belone belone Aguglia

The livery is a simple silvery gray, dark on the back and almost white on the belly. It reaches a length of 90 cm and a maximum weight of 1.3 kg. The eyes are silver. The olfactory nerve of Belone belone is normally unmyelinated and is used in scientific research as a model of an unmyelinated nerve.

It feeds on small fish, mainly sardines and anchovies.

The females lay numerous eggs of 3 mm in diameter covered with filaments with which they attach to each other or to the walls of the algae. The newly hatched larvae, 9 mm long, do not yet have the characteristic elongated snout that they will acquire as adults.


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