Forkbeard - Phycis phycis
We are on a shoal in the middle of the sea, the seabed varies from 38 to 42 meters deep and we are in the classic habitat of the Mediterranean grouper, the Moray helena and Forkbeard, Mostella or Musdea, Phycis phycis. Mostella Musdea Phycis phycis Forkbeard intotheblue.it
Mostella Musdea Phycis phycis Forkbeard intotheblue.it
This fish is very shy and shy and rarely lets itself be approached by divers, but on this shoal the fish seem to be less afraid, probably because they are less used to our presence. If we manage to limit the noises and the emission of bubbles, however, they become curious and therefore we can film them well enough before seeing them disappear permanently in their hole.
Forkbeard “Musdea” (Phycis phycis Linnaeus, 1766), also known as mostella, is a saltwater fish of the Phycidae family.
Habitat and distribution
Widespread in the northern eastern Atlantic Ocean, from the Bay of Biscay to Morocco, up to the south of Cape Verde, in the Mediterranean Sea and in the Azores, on both hard and sandy bottoms from about 20 to 650 meters deep.
Body elongated, enlarged anteriorly, compressed posteriorly, dark brown or uniform gray in color. On the chin there is a barbel; possesses a wide mouth with thick lips. The dorsal fin is double, rounded (the first can have 9 or 11 soft rays, the second 56 or 65); the pelvic fins, which have 2 soft rays, are reduced to bifid filaments. The pectoral fin can have 17 or 19 soft rays; the caudal fin is rounded, with 27 or 29 soft rays; the anal fin, with 52 or 60 soft rays, begins at about half length until it reaches the caudal peduncle. Up to 40-50 centimeters in length.
Nocturnal and sciaphile species, during the day it takes refuge among the rocks. Not very sociable.
Breeding occurs from January to May.
It feeds on small fish and invertebrates.