Yellowmouth barracuda - Sphyraena viridensis
Mediterranean Barracuda or Yellow-mouth Barracuda (Sphyraena viridensis) is an endemic species of Mediterranean Sea, although many consider it an alien species, it is actually one of the many species that are victims of global warming and tropicalization of the Mediterranean. Barracuda mediterraneo Sphyraena viridensis Yellowmouth intotheblue.it
In fact, due to the warming of the water, this species has spread in the Mediterranean up to northern latitudes, becoming a rather common species at all latitudes, when until about ten years ago its ideal habitat was the waters south of the Mediterranean basin. like the coasts of Morocco, Tunisia and the Strait of Sicily.
In this video we filmed a young specimen of Barracuda, Sphyraena viridensis, in one of the many high tide pools that represent a “nursery” for many species of fish and juvenile organisms. We saw him wandering in shallow water from the surface and tried turning on the camera and placing it on the bottom as a fixed camera. Then reselling the video we realized that this little Barracuda has approached our camera several times, probably intrigued by the red light turned on during the recording phase.
The duration of the original video is about 18 minutes at normal speed, but we have accelerated and slowed it down (even 10 times) in order to appreciate the characteristics of this fish, which even in its juvenile phase already has the peculiarities of the adult Barracuda. behavior for both physical fitness, practically a “miniature adult Barracuda“.
Sphyraena viridensis, the yellowmouth barracuda or yellow barracuda is a predatory ray finned fish from the family Sphyraenidae, the barracudas, which is found in the warmer waters of the western Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is often confused with the European barracuda Sphyraena sphyraena.
Sphyraena viridensis has a long, fusiform body with a long, streamlined pointed snout which has a long mouth lined with two rows of sharp, fang-like teeth and a jutting lower jaw. There are no scales on the preoperculum, unlike S. sphyraena which has scales on both the anterior and posterior margins of the preoperculum. There are numerous transverse dark bars on the dorsum and these are longer,extending below the lateral line, towards the head while in S. sphyraena they do not extend to the lateral line.